Southwest Region PUMA, MS

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
175,354
0.742% 1-year decline
US Senator
Roger Wicker
Republican Party
US Senator
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
40.3
1.26% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
26%
3.06% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$39,782
10.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$102,400
13% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
58,918
1.13% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Southwest Region PUMA, MS had a population of 175k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $39,782. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Southwest Region PUMA, MS declined from 176,665 to 175,354, a −0.742% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,994 to $39,782, a 10.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (48%), White (Non-Hispanic) (47.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.41%), Other (Hispanic) (1.06%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.724%).

2.72% of the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.8% of the residents in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Alcorn State University (784 degrees awarded in 2022) and Southwest Mississippi Community College (442 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was $102,400, and the homeownership rate was 72.8%.

Most people in Southwest Region PUMA, MS drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 28.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Natchez–Vidalia Bridge over Mississippi River

Population & Diversity

Southwest Region PUMA, MS is home to a population of 175k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.52% of Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents were born outside of the country (2.67k people).

In 2022, there were 1.02 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.2k people) in Southwest Region PUMA, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 82.6k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.47k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Spanish (3,173 households), French (Incl. Cajun) (188 households), and Vietnamese (124 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
90,687
Women
51.8%
84,465
Men
48.2%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 175,152 inhabitants, with 48.2% men, and 51.8% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

98.8%
2022 Citizenship
98.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.8% of Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Region PUMA, MS
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    84.2k ± 668
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    82.6k ± 112
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.47k ± 515
2.6%
Hispanic Population
4.56k people

In 2022, there were 1.02 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.2k people) in Southwest Region PUMA, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 82.6k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.47k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.6% of the people in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are hispanic (4.56k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Southwest Region PUMA, MS as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    879 ± 726 people
  2. Thailand
    175 ± 325 people
  3. China
    147 ± 298 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS was Mexico, the natal country of 879 Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents, followed by Thailand with 175 and China with 147.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.52%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.67k people
1.72%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.03k people

As of 2022, 1.52% of Southwest Region PUMA, MS residents (2.67k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was 1.72%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    3,173 households (1.92%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    188 households (0.114%)
  3. Vietnamese
    124 households (0.0752%)

2.72% of the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was Spanish. 1.92% of the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,654 ± 370
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,168 ± 284
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    897 ± 248

Southwest Region PUMA, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Southwest Region PUMA, MS employs 58.9k people. The largest industries in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), Construction (3,706 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,602 people), and the highest paying industries are Animal food, grain & oilseed milling ($183,714), Forestry except logging ($107,923), and Civic, social, advocacy organizations, & grantmaking & giving services ($104,718).

Males in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,147. The income inequality in Southwest Region PUMA, MS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
29,740
Women
51.2%
28,305
Men
48.8%

The workforce of Southwest Region PUMA, MS in 2020 was 58,045 people, with 51.2% woman, and 48.8% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Southwest Region PUMA, MS.

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Occupations

58.9k
2022 Value
1.13%
1 Year growth
± 1.13%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Southwest Region PUMA, MS grew at a rate of 1.13%, from 58.3k employees to 58.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,990 people), Registered nurses (2,068 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,908 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Mississippi (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

58.9k
2022 Value
1.13%
1 Year growth
± 1.13%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Southwest Region PUMA, MS grew at a rate of 1.13%, from 58.3k employees to 58.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), Construction (3,706 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,602 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Southwest Region PUMA, MS, though some of these residents may live in Southwest Region PUMA, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,400
Median earning men ± $3,264
$28,002
Median earning women ± $1,408

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($64,844), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($57,510), and Information ($54,033).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($33,618), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($33,549), and Public Administration ($32,293).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.
Y-Axis
1.78%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.94M people employed in Louisiana. This represents a 1.78% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Louisiana.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Mississippi went to Donald J. Trump with 57.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (41.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.611%).

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Mississippi. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Mississippi

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Roger Wicker
Senator from Mississippi1
Assumed office on December 31, 2007
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Trent Lott.
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Senator from Mississippi2
Assumed office on April 9, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Thad Cochran.

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing Mississippi.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Mississippi over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Mississippi

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Mississippi have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Southwest Region PUMA, MS awarded 1,226 degrees. The student population of Southwest Region PUMA, MS in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,667 male students and 3,073 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Black or African American (841 and 73.1%), followed by White (280 and 24.3%), Two or More Races (14 and 1.22%), and Asian (7 and 0.609%).

The largest universities in Southwest Region PUMA, MS by number of degrees awarded are Alcorn State University (784 and 63.9%) and Southwest Mississippi Community College (442 and 36.1%).

The most popular majors in Southwest Region PUMA, MS are Liberal Arts & Sciences (224 and 18.3%), General Biological Sciences (137 and 11.2%), and Registered Nursing (134 and 10.9%).

The median tuition cost in Southwest Region PUMA, MS for a public four year colleges is $7,869 for in-state students and $7,869 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, the percentage of applicants admitted was 29.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 24.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 4,740 (35.2% men and 64.8% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 4,740 students enrolled in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, 35.2% men and 64.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 3,550 records, of which 66.6% were women and 33.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 42 degrees awarded
  2. 39 degrees awarded
  3. 113 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was General Business Administration & Management with 42 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Southwest Region PUMA, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 784 degrees awarded
  2. 442 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Alcorn State University with 784 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 389 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Southwest Region PUMA, MS, which is 0.465 times less than the 837 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 841 degrees mean that there were 3 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 280 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($7,869) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($680) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,606) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.14% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.936% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Southwest Region PUMA, MS in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (49.4k), Some college (29.9k), and Secondary Education (27.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was $102,400 in 2022, which is 0.363 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $90,600 to $102,400, a 13% increase. The homeownership rate in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is 72.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have an average commute time of 28.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is $39,782. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was North Delta Region--DeSoto County--Southaven City PUMA, MS with a value of $79,666, followed by Central Region--Rankin & Simpson Counties PUMA, MS and Central Region--Madison & Rankin Counties PUMA, MS, with respective values of $72,380 and $71,612.

Property

$102,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,782
$48,340
Median Property Taxes
±$1,789

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Region PUMA, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72.8%
Homeownership
2022
63.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 72.8% of the housing units in Southwest Region PUMA, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was North Delta Region--DeSoto County--Southaven City PUMA, MS with a value of $79,666, followed by Central Region--Rankin & Simpson Counties PUMA, MS and Central Region--Madison & Rankin Counties PUMA, MS, with respective values of $72,380 and $71,612.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Southwest Region PUMA, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$39,782
Median Household Income
± $1,510
66.4k
Number of Households
± 2,129

In 2022, the median household income of the 66.4k households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS grew to $39,782 from the previous year's value of $35,994.

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Southwest Region PUMA, MS
0.442
2021 Wage GINI in Southwest Region PUMA, MS

In 2022, the income inequality in Southwest Region PUMA, MS was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.37% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Southwest Region PUMA, MS was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Southwest Region PUMA, MS in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Southwest Region PUMA, MS across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (85.3%)
  2. Carpooled (7.9%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.43%)

In 2022, 85.3% of workers in Southwest Region PUMA, MS drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.9%) and those who worked at home (3.43%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

28.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have a longer commute time (28.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 5.31% of the workforce in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Southwest Region PUMA, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Southwest Region PUMA, MS have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

26% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Southwest Region PUMA, MS (43.8k out of 168k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Southwest Region PUMA, MS is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

87.2% of the population of Southwest Region PUMA, MS has health coverage, with 34.3% on employee plans, 25.8% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.34% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see 1860 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1890 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2031 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 543 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
1,860 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mississippi

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,860 patients per year. This represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1,890 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.7% under 18 years, 18.1% between 18 and 34 years, 37.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.1% were men and 53.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

12.8%
Uninsured
34.3%
Employer Coverage
25.8%
Medicaid
13.5%
Medicare
12.2%
Non-Group
1.34%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Southwest Region PUMA, MS declined by 3.02% from 13.2% to 12.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Southwest Region PUMA, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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